What is the Ion exchange of borehole water?
Ion Exchange Treatment of borehole Water.
The Ion exchange System is a water treatment method. One or more undesirable elements or contaminants are removed from borehole water. The contaminant or element and the exchanged substance must be dissolved, and must have the same electrical charge. An example of Ion Exchange is a process called “water softening.” The correct wording or name for the process is Ion Exchange and not water softener. This system exchange ions.
Ion Exchange and dissolved contaminants.
Contaminants that is been dissolved in water usually forms ions. Ions are the electrically charged current of any substance. There is always a balance of positively and negatively charged ions in borehole water. When contaminants are dissolved in borehole water, that borehole water is most of the time crystal clear. If the borehole water has cloudy or discolored appearance it could be that that some contaminants are still in the solid form.
Ion Exchange and solid Particles.
Solid particles will not be removed by the ion exchange process. These solid particles would rather clog the treatment medium.
Exchange of Ions.
The ion electrical charge can be either positive (+) or negative (-). A contaminant with a positive charge is called a cation. This positive charged ion can be removed by ion exchange media called a cation exchange resin. When the contaminant has a negative charge, it is called an anion, and the treatment media would be called an anion exchange resin.